Château Haut-Brion is a First Growth in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. It is located in Pessac, Graves just one mile (2 km) from the city of Bordeaux. The vineyard consists of 109 acres (441,000 m²) producing 12,000 to 15,000 cases of wine each year. Located in the Graves region, it was the only non-Médoc estate to be included in the 1855 classification.Château Haut-Brion is planted with 55% Cabernet Sauvignon, 25% Merlot, 20% Cabernet Franc. Average age of vines is 30 years.The Grand Vin at Chateau Haut-Brion is fermented in stainless steel vats and aged in new oak barrels for 24 to 27 months, and clarified with six egg whites per barrel. The winemaking is managed by Jean-Philippe Delmas, who believes in a controlled but rather hot, short fermentation.Diarist Samuel Pepys (who called it "Ho-Bryan"), philosopher John Locke, Cardinal Richelieu and U.S. President Thomas Jefferson all wrote about the special quality of wine produced at Haut-Brion.